All great travelers, and ordinary earthlings who have visited Georgia at least once, periodically return there. Who- for the continuation of adventure, the conquest of mountain peaks and sea depths. for the knowledge of gastronomic uniqueness and ancient wines against the background of the caressing ears of Georgian polyphony. And who - just to friends in the hunchbacked Tiflis, together to set out on the road, running to Signagi, Kvareli, Ananuri, Kazbegi.
And you may have repeatedly seen these ancient fortresses, unique monasteries, abandoned, located on a breathtaking hillside churches and murmuring stream, but it is impossible to resist the desire to feel unity with nature again. And most importantly, that tirelessly invites you to this country is the freshest and full of passion for freedom, aura. There is no such thing anywhere, with all due respect to the beauties of the Earth!
The variety of landscapes of Georgia consists in the combination on its territory of mountain chains, plains, many rivers and sea coasts. Such pronounced natural contrasts are due to the smooth transition of the climate from subtropical to moderate. So, the Caucasian ridge protects the country from the northern colds, and the humid climate and summer heat of the Black Sea coast is softened by cool breezes. The main wealth of Georgia is its forests with lush and sparse vegetation, covering one third of the country's territory. In all regions of Georgia, there are many national reserves and parks where you can not only relax, but also explore rare and endangered plant species.
According to a legend, Georgia is the apostolic lot of the Virgin. It was the Virgin to whom Jesus bequeathed this holy land. Christianity became the state religion of Georgia in the beginning of the 4th century (337 AD). The centuries-old cataclysms and endless wars have not shaken the faith of local residents, but only strengthened it. Proofs of this are the numerous churches, temples, and monastery and cave complexes throughout the country. Not without reason, Mtskheta, near the capital of Georgia, is called the "Second Jerusalem". Despite the fact that the majority of the population professes Orthodoxy, by the law of the Parliament of Georgia in 2011, all religious denominations were equalized in their rights. Since ancient times in Tbilisi, near the Orthodox churches, there also existed a Synagogue, a Mosque, and the Armenian Apostolic Church.
As well as nature, the architecture of Georgia is distinguished by its bright diversity. Ancient originality and luxurious modernity pamper pleasantly any visitor's eyes. Historical monuments, temples, and monasteries carry the fusion of eastern and western attributes. The strategic location of the country has become a landmark in the origin of the castle style. The uniqueness of the architecture is maintained and preserved during the restoration work of historical sites and old cities. The construction boom, mainly in Tbilisi and Batumi, introduced its own, modern and, at times, futuristic features. The avenues, the main city squares, theaters, and museums have the right to stand in the top ten world sights that are worth seeing at least once!
POPULATION / WRITING
The population of Georgia in 2018 is about 4 million people and consists of Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Russians, Abkhazians, Ossetians, Kurds, Greeks, Chechens, Ukrainians, Jews. The Georgian is the only state language of the country, which is included in the first ten most difficult languages of the world along with Arabic, Chinese, Estonian, etc. The Georgian alphabet is considered one of the oldest alphabets in the world and still alive as an independent written language among the 14 written languages of the world, in connection with which since 2016, it has been recognized as a cultural heritage of UNESCO.